When your gums bleed during brushing or flossing, it is your body’s way of telling you that there is a problem requiring your attention. Typically, bleeding gums are a symptom of a common, but serious, oral health condition called periodontal disease. Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an infection in your gums caused by excessive plaque and bacteria around your gum line.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
Some of the common symptoms of gum disease include:
- Bleeding gums
- Bad breath
- Gum recession
Your gums should fit snugly against your teeth, creating a seal. In severe cases of periodontal disease, pockets form between your teeth and gums, creating a breeding ground for destructive bacteria, which only exacerbates your condition.
Periodontal Disease in Burnaby
Additionally, researchers have linked periodontal disease to illnesses such as heart disease. While more research is needed to determine the exact link, doctors agree that healthy gums are important in protecting your overall health.
The most common cause of periodontal disease is neglect. Failure to brush, floss, and have professional dental cleanings all contribute to developing gum disease. In recent years, researchers have discovered that the bacteria that cause gum disease are transmittable, especially between family members. This may indicate why conditions like periodontal disease and even cavities tend to run in families.